When we consider the diversity of indigenous expression, we have to consider many important aspects: modes of expression, and what indigenous people are expressing. Following is a list of discourses that indigenous are engaging. Please note that this list is not exhaustive.

 racist violence prejudice
 cultural hegemony 
 cultural genocide
 colonization globalization
 the environment
 the future
 seen and unseen worlds
 critically reading traditions
 creativity sacred sites
 nation building
  the cosmos
 the past 
 substance abuse
 family transhumanity
 federal Indian policy